Research and Resources

UXDL Research

An Investigation of User Experience Design for Learning (UXDL) Principles in Online Learning

This study qualitatively examined undergraduate learners' perspectives of online learning through a cross-disciplinary lens of user experience design and pedagogy.

We surveyed learners at the University of Waterloo about their prior and current experiences with online learning (i.e., what they like, dislike, hope, and expect), and  conducted qualitative interviews to better understand these experiences. To address the question of how the UXDL principles impact learners, we ran user research sessions and observed learners as they interacted with online content designed using the UXDL principles. The results contribute to the ongoing development, validation, and operationalization of the open-source User Experience Design for Learning (UXDL) design framework. The study was funded by eCampusOntario. 

Troop, M., White, D., Wilson, K.E., Zeni, P. (2020). "The user experience design for learning (UXDL) framework: The undergraduate student perspective." The Canadian Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 11(3).

Curated Resources


Accessibility in Teaching, Centre for Teaching Excellence, University of Waterloo.

Document Accessibility, Accessibility Hub, Niagara College Canada, 2021.

Making Accessible Media, [OER, CC-BY-NC], Humber College, 2021.

Video Accessibility, Accessibility Hub, Niagara College Canada, 2021.

Website Accessibility, Accessibility Hub, Niagara College Canada, 2021.

Instructional Design

8 Great Ways to Enhance Retention [Infographic], DigitalEd, 2018.

High Quality Online Courses: How to Improve Course Design and Delivery for your Post-Secondary Learners [4-module OER, CC BY-NC-SA 4.0], eCampusOntario, 2021.

How to Humanize Learning in Online Environments [PDF]

Humanizing Virtual Learning: A Guide to Creating Connection, Engagement, and Inclusivity [4-module OER, CC BY-NC-SA 4.0], eCampusOntario, 2021.